Karwa Chauth Fasting Rules, Puja Vidhi, Rituals, Mantra & Bow: Karwa Chauth is a typical Hindu festival performed by married women in Northern regions of India like Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, and Himachal Pradesh as well as other parts of the world. According to Hindu mythology, Karva Chauth is celebrated every year on the Chaturthi of Krishna Paksha in Kartik month. This year the festival is held on 22nd October 2021. On this day, women keep Karva Chauth fast to celebrate and believe in the institution of marriage. Sankashti Chaturthi is also celebrated on this day which is devoted to Lord Ganesha.
The Karva Chauth fast is observed by wives for the well-being and long life of their husbands thus this fast has special significance out of all the fast. On this day, women do not consume food and water, the fast ended with the worship of the moon in the evening.
Karwa Chauth 2021 Fasting Rules
In Karva Chauth fast, women wake up before sunrise, eat and drink food (Sargi) to keep fast till the moonrise. After this, women take a bath and vow to observe a fast. The food (Sargi) prepare by mothers-in-law for their daughters-in-law to eat before sunrise, as fast begins before sunrise and end when worshipped the moon at night. On this day, women remain waterless for the whole day and break their fast when they see the moon in the evening.
Women beautifully dress up in their best finery in the evenings. After getting dressed, the woman gets gifts and goodies from her mother-in-law, such as a Bayas or a full basket. The basket also contains sweets, mathadi, fruits, and a sari.
Karwa Chauth 2021 Date: Friday, 22 October 2021
Ritual of The Karwa Chauth Puja
Karva Chauth puja is performed only by married women where they sit in a circle with their Bayas and Puja Thali. Each woman placed a karva filled with water and seven pieces of pudding in front of her. Karwa is tied with red-colored threads and decorated with kharia, epun and roli.
At the beginning of the puja, women apply Roli tika on Gauri Goddess. With thumb and third finger of the right hand sprinkled water on the image of the goddess. The same process is repeated with Epun and Roli. Based on tradition, an elderly woman of the family narrates the story of Karva Chauth. Women also keep whole grains and sweets together while listening to the Karva Chauth Brat Katha. After the Brat Katha, women pray for the long life and well-being of their husbands. They pass their bayas from one to another While chanting the prayers.
The Karwa Chauth Puja Mantra
Om Chaturthi Devai Namah,
Oh, Shivaay Namah.
Om Namah: Shivaayi Sharvanayai
Saubhagya Samanti Shubham.
Prayachha bhaktiyuktanam, narinam harvallabhe..’
Karwa Chauth Mantra and Bow
Namo devyai mahadevai shivayi satatam Namah.
Namah Prakrityai Bhadrayai Niyata: Pranata: Smritim..
After the Karva Chauth puja, women wait for the moon to rise and worship the moon when the moon is sighting. All fasting women observe the moon with a sieve then break the fast by looking at her husband’s face with the same sieve. The first drink of water and the first bite of food is given by their husbands. After this, a grand feast is organized for the whole family.