Why Bihar and UP Counted as Backward States in India? From bad political environment to overpopulation, a lack of advanced technology, poor infrastructure, caste-based politics & discrimination, migrations, unemployment, an unorganized agriculture system, all major factors that cause both UP and Bihar to be counted as backward states in India.
Let’s have to know more about the key factors that lead UP and Bihar into India’s backward states category.
The main reason behind Bihar’s backwardness?
One of the most crucial factors leading to Bihar’s status as a backward state is the poor political environment, which has an impact on the state’s growth.
Since the late 1960s, Bihar has been plagued by a bad administration. The state governments have never paid any attention to the state’s development. When Lalu Prasad Yadav came to power in 1990, the people suffered for the following 15 years in terms of development and law and order. In fact, many young generations were involved in crime as a result of poor administration, which persisted until the 1990s and peaked under RJD control. However, many critical challenges and other factors have improved during Nitish’s governance.
Caste-based politics. In Bihar, all political parties are caste-based, and national parties rely on the majority of castes’ support to secure votes. These political parties have never considered the state’s growth or other tasks.
Overpopulation is one of the key causes; Bihar is one of India’s most populous states, with 33.74 percent of the population living under poverty and 52.5 percent suffering from multi-dimensional poverty thus overpopulation promotes unemployment and illiteracy.
In the state, 42 percent of children under the age of five who are not well developed is the highest in the country.
Bihar’s law and order is a major concern, as many famous criminals are involved in politics and have political connections that affect its status and development.
Bihar’s academic efficiency and low literacy rate are both deplorable. Furthermore, only 50.65 people out of every 100 use cell phones. Just 39.99 percent of individuals use the internet in this state. Hospitals are in poor condition, agricultural & farming activities are unorganized, there is garbage and rubbish littered everywhere. Unemployment, corruption in all government departments, growing population, education, the Health Index are all of these factors that lead to Bihar’s status backward state.
Why some part of Uttar Pradesh is still very backwarded?
The problems in Uttar Pradesh are slope equal to those in Bihar. Overpopulation and caste-based politics are big concerns that are driving Bihar on the back foot.
UP has also a number of factors that have contributed to the state’s backwardness, including a large population, fertile plains, religious tolerance, a lack of education, and the propagation of family methods, among others. These factors have stifled development and caused it to degrade. The poor condition of politics, crime, and the negligence of traffic laws have ruined the state.
Except for the railways, neither Uttar Pradesh nor Bihar has, there are only a few job opportunities available in both states causing millions of people to move to other states in search of better employment. The literacy and education rates are lower in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar comparison to southern states.
But, one positive thing about the present situation is that since Nitish Kumar and Yogi came to power, law and order in both states have significantly improved and it is hoped that both states would be renowned as safe and well-developed states in India very soon.